Their names were the origin of numerous modern cities, such as Havana, Batabanó, Camagüey, Baracoa, and Bayamo. Caves served as ceremonial sites for the Tainos, and Taino rock carvings (petroglyphs) and paintings (pictographs) can still be seen in some of them. Digg . It covers an area of some 21, 000 square metres. Taino population at the time of Columbus’ arrival numbered about 100,000. Their government was simple but effective; the island was divided into provinces, each ruled by a Cacique assisted by a village headman or sub-chiefs. And stared, and saw, and did not understand. The relatives of the caciques lived together in large houses in the center of the village. Although the Tainos left no written records we know something of their lifestyle, culture and world-view from remains unearthed by archaeologists and markings, tools and other implements, but also from the reports of Columbus himself and from the diaries of the first clerics and other pioneers who came to settle the island during the first decades of Spanish occupation. Also known as Guarocuya. 3, pp. The Jamaican Tainos were skilled in the art of working stone and their implements were well-shaped and beautifully finished. some names for Jamaica are official name-Jamaica Xaymaca-name given by tainos Jamrock- slang name. Cacique who ruled in the region of Luquillo. They fashioned their dug-out canoes from the trunks of the cedar and silk cotton trees. Jamaica Global Online is a two-way information portal between Jamaica and its Diaspora that is easily accessible; provides a vast array of readily searchable information in one place; is up to date and current. Cacique of Cuba, reigned over what is now. They had no chiefdoms or organized political structure beyond individual villages, but by the time of Spanish conquest many were under the control of the Cuban Taíno in eastern Cuba. They grew cassava as a staple crop but also sweet potato, fruits and vegetables for food as well as cotton and tobacco which they smoked as a popular form of pastime. Within 40 years they were exterminated! For treatments of the island in its regional context, see West Indies and history of Latin America. 13, no. … When the British invaded the island in 1655, the African slaves of the Spanish colonists escaped into the hills in order to live a free life. Cacique of Higüey, Hispanola. They differed from the original Arawakian peoples of the mainland having developed a distinct Taino language and culture. — « The Haytien or Taino Language restored, with fragments of dialects of Cuba, Jamaica, Lucayos, Boriquén, Eyeri, Cairi, Araguas », in The American nations, Chapter VII, Philedelphia. The Tainos lived in most areas of the island but the majority of their villages were close to the coast and in the neighbourhood of rivers because they were a sea-faring people and lived chiefly off seafood. Who settled in Jamaica? Physically, they were short, slightly built but a shapely people with a cinnamon-coloured complexion. What … WhatsApp. John Smith. There were about 200 villages on the island when Spanish met them. Cacique (Chief) of yucayeque-(village) in the area of Abeyno Salinas, Puert… founder of the villa Sancti Spíritus y de Sabaneque. The tainos house was called a caneye, not a bohio idiots Share Reply. The chiefs were advised by priest-healers known as Bohiques and the Nitaynos, which is how the elders and warriors were known.. With bellying cloths on poles, and not one oar, And fluttering coloured signs and clambering crews. Answered Mar 19, 2017. Designed and Developed by 3southmedia.com, The period before the arrival of the Europeans is referred to as Jamaica’s pre-history because there are no, Although the Tainos left no written records we know something of their lifestyle, culture and world-view from remains unearthed by archaeologists and markings, tools and other implements, but also from the reports of Columbus himself and from the diaries of the first clerics and other pioneers who came to settle the island during the first decades of Spanish occupation. Our survey goes up top the attainment of Independence in 1962. Like any community, the Taino villages had a social structure. The Arawak/Taíno society was basically a very gentle culture. Known as Loquillo (Crazy One) by the Spaniards due to his constant attacks on the Conquistadors. Since many of the natives of Jamaica died of disease, the Spanish imported African slaves as laborers. By José Barreiro, from Northeast Indian Quarterly, pp. All Right Reserved. They first arrived to Jamaica around A.D 650.