1988. Tourism, outdoor recreation, and water for hydroelectric power, irrigation, and industry are the main activities and assets of the range. Following the Oregon Treaty, the inward flux of migration from the Oregon Trail intensified and the passes and back-valleys of what is now the state of Washington were explored and populated, and it was not long after that railways followed. The small part of the range in British Columbia is called the Canadian Cascades or Cascade Mountains; the latter term is also sometimes used by Washington residents to refer to the Washington section of the Cascades in addition to North Cascades, the more usual American term, as in North Cascades National Park. The northern part of the range, north of Mount Rainier, is known as the North Cascades. Harris, Stephen L., and Stephen L. Harris. Peaks are listed north to south. This is largely due to the fact that volcanic rocks are often rich in minerals such as potassium and decay easily. The Oregon Cascade Mountains are part of one of the most beautiful mountain ranges in North America. Legends associated with the great volcanoes are many, as well as with other peaks and geographical features of the range, including its many hot springs and waterfalls and rock towers and other formations. It is a major mountain range that goes from southern British Columbia to Northern California. Cascade Range Mountains with Forecasts. Oregons Cascade Range covers roughly 17,000 square miles, or about 17 percent of the state, an area larger than each of the smallest nine of the fifty United States. Annual rainfall drops to 9 inches (200 mm) on the eastern foothills due to a rainshadow effect. The Cascade Range is a mountain range in western North America.It goes from Northern California, through Oregon and Washington, and ends in British Columbia, Canada.The range includes the Western Cascades in northern California and the North and Canadian Cascades in Washington State and Canada.. Native tribes also developed their own names for the High Cascades and many of the smaller peaks, the most well-known to non-natives being Tahoma, the Lushootseed name for Mount Rainier. Mount Jefferson (north-central Oregon)—the second highest peak in Oregon. The valleys are quite low, resulting in great local relief, and major passes are only about 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high. According to monitoring systems of the U.S. Geological Survey, minor eruptions of Mount Saint Helens have also occurred, most recently in 2006. Within this region, 13 major volcanic centers lie in sequence, like a string of explosive pearls. From there, the Applegate Trail headed northwest into northern California, and continued northwest towards today's Ashland, Oregon. The course of political history in the Pacific Northwest saw the spine of the Cascade Range being proposed as a boundary settlement during the Oregon Dispute of 1846. Pacific Northwest-Wikipedia Mount Rainier in the Cascade Range, Washington. Volcanic debris, especially lahars, also have a leveling effect, while the storage of water in the form of snow and ice is also important. 1990. Cascade Mountains, BC, are the north end of largely volcanic mountain ranges extending to California, 180-260 km east of the Pacific Ocean. The United States Geological Survey's Geothermal Research Program has been investigating this potential. TECH SHOP. Updates? Living With Volcanic Risk in the Cascades. Mount Mazama is estimated to have been about 11,000 ft. (3,350 m) elevation prior to the blast. In the spring of 1792 British navigator George Vancouver entered Puget Sound and began giving English names to the high mountains he saw. In the list of the best ski resorts in the Cascade Range, the ski resort Mt. The Cascade Range extends over 700 miles from British Columbia to Northern California. Broken Top (to the southeast of South Sister)—a highly eroded extinct stratovolcano. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The gorge also exposes uplifted and warped layers of basalt from the plateau. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. On the west it reaches nearly to Interstate 5, forming the eastern margin of the … Cascade Range, segment of the Pacific mountain system of western North America. Crater Lake in the Cascade Range, southwestern Oregon. It includes both non-volcanic mountains, including the rugged spires of the North Cascades, and the notable volcanoes known as the High Cascades. The Cascade Range is a major mountain range of western North America, extending from Canada's British Columbia through the U.S. states of Washington and Oregon to Northern California. Get your equipment serviced by the best. The range was named for the great cascades found near the gorge. None have erupted since St. Helens, but precautions are being taken nevertheless, such as the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System in Pierce County, Washington. From there, settlers would head north along the established Siskiyou Trail into the Willamette Valley. There is an interpretive site there now at "The End of The Oregon Trail." The Cascade Range also forms part of the AmericanCordillera. Near Hope, British Columbia, the railway roadbed and the Othello Tunnels, now decommissioned, are popular tourist recreation destinations for hiking and bicycling. The Barlow Road left the Columbia at Hood River and passed along the south side of Mount Hood at Government Camp, terminating in Oregon City. According to some of these tales, Mounts Baker, Jefferson, and Shasta were used as refuge from a great flood. The Cascade Mountains, also known as The Cascade Range (or just The Cascades), is a major mountain range of western North America. 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